Multani mitti, meaning ‘mud from Multan’, is also popular as fuller’s earth. The light-coloured Multani Mitti clay is the result of decomposed volcanic ash. Multani Mitti is also one of the earliest substances to be used as a beauty mask. On the other hand, it deep cleans the pores, reducing the look of black heads and whiteheads. Deep cleansing with Multani Mitti helps to remove impurities and sloughs off dead skin cells, leaving your skin feeling refreshing with a glowing complexion
The colour of Multani Mitti Clay may be from cream to more of a yellow colour. Multani mitti is widely known for its use in beauty and skin care remedies. Common components found in fuller’s earth are montmorillonite, kaolinite, and attapulgite, including small amounts of other minerals like calcite, dolomite, and quartz. In some places, fuller’s earth refers to calcium bentonite, altered volcanic ash which is mostly composed of montmorillonite.
Benefits of Multani Mitti
- Multani mitti cleanses the skin.
- It also purify the skin by pulling out oil, dirt, and impurities.
- This clay not only controls oil but also regularizes oil production benefits all skin types.
- Due to the oil absorbing properties of Multani Mitti make it effective against acne.
- It also help speed up the healing process.
- Multani Mitti can slough away dead skin cells and remove blackheads and whiteheads, giving skin a natural and healthy glow.
- Boosts circulation and improves skin health and tone.
- This compound acts as a mild cleanser, cleaning the scalp without disturbing the natural oils.
- It can help treat dandruff and conditions like eczema, preventing hair loss.
- This clay is great for conditioning hair and repairing damage.
- Multani Mitti can help deodorize scalp and hair.
- Multani mitti can be a great asset to add to your beauty arsenal.
- Not only does it help get rid of dead skin cells, but it also imparts an instant glow onto your face.
- It does this by getting rid of all the impurities from your skin and by unclogging your pores.
- This has an added advantage of helping prepare your face to better absorb serums or lotions, boosting their efficiency.
Multan is a city and capital of Multan Division located in Punjab, Pakistan. Located on the bank of the Chenab River, Multan is Pakistan’s 7th largest city, and is the major cultural and economic Centre of Southern Punjab. Multan is a very beautiful and historical place of Pakistan. Multan is the cultural and historically rich city of Pakistan. It is the most ancient city and still stand with ancient Sufi saints. It is the only ancient city, the “Manchester” of Pakistan. It is the most honorable city of Pakistan comprising of many religions. The dominant religion that existed in Multan was no doubt “Islam” which give rise to its mystic side called Tasawwuf or Sufism. This region attracted many Sufis across the globe and hence has been named as “Gada O Goristan” the city of gold, Sufis and beggars. The city is full of Sufis tombs which even today is the center of attraction for the numerous tourists. Despite being enriched with historical importance Multan is the hub of commercial and industrial area of Pakistan. You name any business and industry such as cotton, flour mills, cosmetics, fertilizers and so many more, Multan has it all.
Multan Cricket Stadium
The Multan Cricket Stadium hosted many international cricket matches. Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium is the other stadium in Multan which is usually used for football along with other sports activities. Multan is home to the Multan Sultans, the new franchise of Pakistan Super League founded in 2018. Multan Tigers, the domestic cricket team which had participated in domestic limited over tournaments was also based in the city. Multan has produced many international cricketers like Inzamam-ul-Haq, Sohaib Maqsood, Rahat Ali, and Sania Khan.
There are main four languages spoken in Multan. These are Saraiki, Punjabi and Urdu. English is also spoken in educational institutes of Multan. The linguistic breakdown of the Multan City Tehsil as per the 1998 Census ratio is as follows:
More than 3 million peoples in Multan speak Saraiki language and that’s why it is the most spoken language of Multan.
Multan city had a population of 1,197,384 in the 1998 census. As of 2017 census, Multan’s population jumped to 1.871 million.
History of Multan
According to Hindu tradition the ancient name of Multan was Kashep Puri and the town was built by Raja Kashep. After Hurnakas his son Parhilaad succeeded the throne and the town was then named after him as Parhilaad Puri. The current name Multan was possibly associated with the Mali people who were defeated by Alexander the Great. Multan was ruled by the various native empires before the invasion of Alexander the Great. In the 7th century, Multan had its first arrival of the Muslim armies.
After Bin Qasim’s conquest, the city was securely under Muslim rule, although it was in effect an independent state, but around the start of the 11th century, the city was attacked twice by Mahmud of Ghazni who destroyed the Sun Temple and broke its giant Idol.
By the mid-10th century, Multan had come under the influence of the Qarmatians. The Qarmatians had been expelled from Egypt and Iraq following their defeat at the hands of the Abbasids there. Mahmud of Ghazna invaded Multan in 1005, conducting a series of campaigns. The Qarmatians came to Multan in the 10th century and were expelled in 1175 by Sultan Muhammad Ghori. Under the Mughal Empire, Multan enjoyed over 200 years of peace, and became known as Dar al-Aman.
The Sikhs who attacked Multan, killed the Sadozai Nawab and took over the city. The Khakwanis had moved out of the city at that time and lived in small walled cities around main Multan. The Khokhars and Khatri Muslims occupied Multan intermittently between 1756 and 1763.
In the 19th century, the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh with his capital at Lahore occupied Multan. Sikh armies under General Hari Singh Nalwa defeated the ruler of Multan, Muzaffar Khan Saddozai. The death of Muzaffar Khan was in fact the death of Muslim rule in Multan.
The Siege of Multan began on 19 April 1848 when local Sikhs murdered two emissaries of the British Raj who were present at the reception of the new governor of Multan who had been selected by the British East India Company. By December 1848, the British had captured portions of Multan city’s outskirts. In January 1849, the British had amassed a force of 12,000 to conquer Multan. On 22 January 1849, the British had breached the walls of the Multan Fort, leading to the surrender of Mulraj and his forces to the British.
After a long and bloody battle, Multan was made part of the British Raj. During this time, Sardar Karan Narain’s son became an icon during the British Raj and was awarded titles ‘Rai Bahadur’ and Knighted ‘Sir’ by Her Majesty. The British built some rail routes to the city, but its industrial capacity was never fully developed.
After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Multan.
Multan weather is one of the hottest in Pakistan with the highest temperature ever recorded of 50 degrees Celsius on 27 May 2010. Multan is practically like a baking oven during the summer season. Multan weather is hot for back to back months from around 15th of April to almost the 15th of October, that’s half a year and it feels like it takes a century to pass.
Hot Multan weather is such that a minimal level of rainfall is experienced during the summer season. Logically speaking, it is said to be the result of the desert surroundings of the city which have a strong hand in the dry weather of Multan.
In addition to this, it has been observed time and again that whenever rain showers do finally occur, they are brief, because of the strong winds with which they are almost always accompanied. These winds have the effect of driving the water-heavy clouds away before they can drop a good load of water on Multan below!
Sometimes rainfall has the reverse effect of adding to the heat instead of reducing its impact on the people. This happens when the rainfall occurs during the day time and is extremely brief. Resultantly, it adds to the humidity levels and puts the locals to more test.
Multan features an arid climate with very hot summers and cold winters. The city witnesses some of the most extreme temperatures in the country. Dust storms are a common occurrence within the city. The closest major city is Bahawalpur. The area around the city is a flat plain and is ideal for agriculture, with many citrus and mango farms. There are many canals that cut across the Multan District, providing water from nearby farms. This makes the land very fertile. However usually land close to the Chenab River are flooded in the monsoon season.
Famous places of Multan
Mausoleum of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakariya
Baha-ud-Din Zakariya is the disciple of Shaikh Shahid who was the great Sufi master. The peoples, tourist, and pilgrims of all over the world visit Baha-ud-Din Zakariya Tomb.
Tomb Shah Ali Akbar
Shah Ali Akbar has acted as an ancestral and spiritual foundation with strong paths to Islam. This allows you to see the other parts of Multan.
Tomb Shah Rukhne Alam
The High topography gives to Multan has taken a beautiful look and advantage to see the escape of the city. The beautiful architecture edition of more than 700 years is included in the 17 century. The tomb of Shah Rukhne Alam is very old and historic.
Fort Kohna is a very old fort which was prepared 2600 years ago. The length of this building is approximately 7000 feet and the width is about 40 feet. This fort is included in the center of Multan.
Monument of Van Alexander Agnew
This is a memorable one on the foundation of Sikh evolution in Pakistan. Monument of Van Alexander Agnew is located in Qasim Bagh. It was killed under the Sikh administration.
Multan Art Gallery
In Multan Art Gallery a huge numbers of historical paintings about the commercial and cultural life. Most of these paintings are genuine paintings made by local handicrafts.
Yadgar e Shuhada
Yadgar e Shuhada is the most beautiful place in Multan which made by white marble. It is situated at Shershas road in Multan. This place has been built in memory of the Soldiers who were martyred during the war of Pakistan and India.
Chenab River Bank
Chenab River has a great chance to celebrate a picnic of Multan peoples. Winter season is a great time to visit this Chenab River. During the season of winter, you can quite ride on the river. During the summer season, a lot of pulses is preferred in the surface of the water when the river can be more dangerous.
Hussain Agahi Bazar
Hussain Bazaar lets you recoup a market, but it needs a listing of any product. This is the largest market in Multan, thinks about a product only about it and you believe in looking for it. The price is very easy to negotiate. It is softer embroidery shoes and Multan embroidered suits who are you just in this market.
Tomb in Multan
Lying just inside the main entrance to the fort, this masterpiece of Mughal architecture is the most significant and attractive of Multan’s shrines. A pious and widely loved scholar, Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fatah (1251-1334), commonly known as Sheikh Rukn-i-Alam (Pillar of the World), became head of the Suhrawardiya Sufi branch introduced to the region by his father Baha-ud-Din Zakaria, and is regarded as the patron saint of Multan.
Qasim Bagh Fort
Multan’s most prominent landmark, now largely in ruins except for its gate and part of the outer walls and bastions, is Qasim Bagh Fort, near Hussain Agahi and Chowk Bazaars. In the fort is the Qasim Bagh Stadium that occasionally hosts cricket matches. At one time the fort had a circumference of 2000m and was protected by 46 towers, four main gates and the Ravi River, which used to flow between the fort and old town.
Qasim Lake in Multan
The Qasim Lake is located in the Cantt. Boating in the lake in the evening and walking in the adjoining park offers a mind-refreshing experience to the visitors. On the bank of the boat, there are restaurants and food stalls that provide a mixture of Eastern and Western cuisine. After visiting all the significant places in the city, dining on the bank of the lake is a perfect treat.
Alexander vans Agnew Memorial
The British government also built the memorial of Alexander Agnew in Qasim Fort. It stands tall on the top mound and is visible from far off places. The monument is a lesson on how might can preserve history. The area also depicts how influences of two foreign invaders seem to compete with each other for dominance.
Mausoleum of Baha-ud-Din Zakaria
Just near the Mausoleum of Sheikh Rukni-Alam, the Mausoleum of Baha-ud-Din Zakaria, father of Rukni-Alam, was built in 1263. A disciple of the Sufi mystic Hazrat Shahabuddin Umar Suhrawardy of Jerusalem, Baha-ud-Din (1182-1262) introduced the Suhrawardiya branch to the subcontinent and founded a university in Multan. His tomb was badly damaged in 1848 but was later restored.
Shrine of Shams-ud-Din Sabzwari
On the dry bed of the Ravi River, less than 1km north East of the fort, the Shrine of Shams-ud-Din Sabzwari, who is believed to have lived from 1165 to 1276, was founded by his grandson in 1330 and rebuilt by more distant descendants in about 1780.
Shrine of Shah Yusuf Gardezi
The shrine of Shah Yusuf Gardezi, the person who restored the city upon his arrival in 1088, is about a mile to the southwest. It is an incredibly peaceful place where you can stop for a moment and simply enjoy. There are beautiful blue and white tiles which are still in great condition which attract the tourists.
Shrine of Shah Rukn e Alam
A few steps up north, there is the tomb of Shah Rukn e Alam, a famous saint of the medieval era who belonged to the Suharwardia order of Sufi Islam. The shrine is worth a visit site for tourists and pilgrims. The vast tomb which is built with red tiles is a masterpiece of medieval architecture. Flocks of pigeons present in the yard of shrine also add to the mystique of the place and make it resemble Trafalgar Square, London.
Shrine of Bahaudin Zakariya Multani
The shrine of Bahaudin Zakariya, who is a notable saint of Suharwardia order, is also situated at the same place. This tomb is also a significant architectural site and one of the best mystic places in the world. Bahaudin Zakariya was the grandfather of Shah Rukn e Alam. Pilgrims pay a visit to the area to pray and get peace of mind. Seeing these sights not only adds to intellectual gain but also offers a soul-soothing experience.
The large Eidgah Mosque, covering an area of some 73m by 16m, was built in 1735 and was later used by the Sikhs as a military garrison. In turn, the British used it as a courthouse but it was restored to its original use in 1891 and today has some of the finest blue tilework in Multan. The mosque is about 1km north of Qasim Bagh Fort.
A land mark of Indian defense and architecture, Multan Fort was built in between 800 to 1000 BC. It was built on a mound that separated it from the city. It has a lot of attractions that have and continues to attract thousands of tourists. Places inside thaw fort include the Dam Dama a massive block of building, Nighar Khana or barood khana that was used as a storage room for ammunition.
Clock Tower Multan
Clock Tower Multan or more commonly known as Ghanta Ghar is a government headquarters in the province of Punjab. Built in 1884 during the British raj, it served the purpose of offices to help run the city. The clock is run by solar power, however, it stopped working in 1985.
It is all about Multan city of Pakistan which is said to be 5000 B.C. historic oldest living city and sister city of Rome. Rig Veda was written here, Alexander the great captured it, famous Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang visited here. Previously it was called “City of Gold” now called “City of Saints”. I have given all information regarding tourism to help tourists and pilgrims.
People of Multan
The females are as talented and skillful as their men in terms of handicrafts and embroidery on fabrics. The concept of embroidery has started from the Multani females. Even in today’s modern era all the textiles mills of renowned designers such as Bareeze, Nishat mills and many other lawn print mills are situated in Multan. The handmade “multani karhai” is what distinguish it from rest of the cities of the country. The traditional khussa is made of a leather soul with a unique craft of the finest high quality thread work. The traditional attire of Multan is to wear khussa with laccha or shalwar kameez. The most substantial aspect of Multani culture is “Derra”. It is a form of a “Bhettak” where people unite after their work and express their problems or have a good chit chat.
Another amazing aspect of Multani culture is its “Food” what else a true Pakistani will love if there was no food. As said earlier that Multan is an abode of ethnic groups thus it has a vast variety of restaurants such as fast food, continental, Chinese, Arabic, Pakistani and many more. Among the local restaurants Bundu Khan, MUX Lounge and Lassani Food Street are quite famous. The traditional food include Multani mutton chops, Multani halwa called Sohan halwa, Badami Kulfi, Kachori, Busri, Paira, Lassi and Doli Roti. This land contains many different languages but its special language is “Saraiki” one of the sweetest language in Pakistan. Despite the differences in language people of Multan are so warm and loving that their exist no discrepancy or dislike between Multani dialects, Punjabi or any other.
Famous Foods in Multan
Multani Sohan Halwa, Mohalla Qadeerabad both fresh Halwa and old one back of are available on many shops there. It is very tasty and famous all over in Pakistan. Taste special types of fruits like FALSA and its juice as well, MANGO its multiple types because each have different taste and KENOO a special type of citrus orange. All these things are very famous in Multan.
But if I talk particularly about the cosmetics Multan is blessed with “Multani Mitti” also called as “fuller’s earth” comprises of cleansing benefits and is among the most desirable product in the world. Offerpk offers you the original, low price and high quality, pure “Multani Mitti” online in Pakistan.